Promoting Organic Gardening, Composting and Sustainability

Red Worms For On Site Waste Management & Worm Casting Production.


How Amazing are Red Worms?                                        HOME

Earthworms play a key roll in the development of soil, they are a corner stone species of soil organisms. We refer to them as the Honeybees of the soil pollinating the soil with beneficial microorganisms. They act as a kind of mass transit for other soil organisms aiding in the colonization of beneficial microorganisms throughout the soil. The microbial activity that comes out of the back end of an Earthworm can be 100 times greater than what goes in. The Microbes found in castings (worm poop) are much better at converting nutrients into forms readily taken up by plants than the microbes in conventional compost. The microbial spectrum is quite different and much more beneficial in Castings.

                                                              Also referred to as Intestines of the Earth, Earthworms are one of         

                                                              the best soil builders on the planet. Earthworms consume 1/2 to 1 

                                                              1/2 times their full body weight every 24 hours. They consume 

                                                              large amounts of organic debris and mineral earth then grind and 

                                                              mix it in their gizzard with little particles of stone. Pulverizing this 

                                                              material creates more surface area on which beneficial soil 

                                                              microbes will feed and thrive. The gut of the Earthworm also acts 

                                                              as an incubator fro the microbes some of which are digested and 

                                                              some excreted.

The Earthworm adds hormones, enzymes and other body fluids from inside and outside it’s body that are highly beneficial to a plants health. All of this is held together by the sticky substances that microbes excrete along with body fluids of the Earthworm. It is then excreted in and on the soil as a well aggregated time release pellet full of micro organisms, nutrients, trace elements, hormones, enzymes, growth regulators and mineral.

Under ideal conditions in the Nile Valley it has been estimated

that Earthworms deposit 1000 tons of nutrient-rich castings

per acre, per year. Earthworms can increase the nutrient

content of the material they consume. Research completed in

India showed an increase of the following nutrients from the

byproduct of sugar refinement after passing through the

intestines of Earthworms, Nitrogen-50% Phosphorus-35%

Potassium-27% Calcium-36% Magnesium-45%

Manganese-52% and Iron-8%.

Earthworms also contribute free enzymes to the soil they

significantly increase aeration, soil drainage and consistently

increase crop yields.

Earthworms have also demonstrated the ability to meet EPA standards for pathogen reduction in sewage sludge for class A compost. And the test sludge was spiked with Ecoili, Salmonella and Helmenth Ova.

Did You Know?

Red Worms can tolerate a wide range of temperature but are most active between 60 and 70 degrees.

2 pounds of Red Worms can eat 2 pounds or organic mater everyday.

Red Worms absorb oxogen from water through their skin, so they need a moist environment to survive. They were originally aquatic creatures that evolved to live on land.

Red Worms (Eisenia Fetida) were introduced to North America by the Europeans they were not a native to this region of the world.

Red Worms are bi-sexual, having both male and female reproductive organs. Therefore each worm may produce egg capsules, after first mating with another worm.

Mature Red Worms living under favorable conditions, may produce an egg capsule every seven to ten days. The egg capsules incubate in 14 to 21 days. each capsule produces from 2 to 20 worms with an estimated average of 4.

The newly hatched Red Worms will reach breeding age in 60 to 90 days. The Red Worm develops a muscular band called a clitellum around it’s body near the head signifying it is mature enough to breed. Red WWorms continue to grow after reaching the breeding stage for 6 months before they are fully grown. The normal lengths of a healthy Red Worm is about 3 inches and can grow to 4”.

Red Worms have a life span of several years., with some estimates of more than five years!

Red Worms will not harm living roots and foliage.